Ryskamp, George R., “European Emigration Records,” IFLA Journal, 31 (2005) , no 1, 68-75.
Between 1821 and 1924 millions of Europeans emigrated, mostly to the America, but a large group moved from one location in Europe to another. By looking at the immigration records of an individual, one can add greater depth to the statistical data already in place. Passenger lists are a good starting point, but provide very little data. The ports of departure kept various records. Many European governments required their citizens to gain approval before leaving their home town, and frequently issued announcements of qualified immigrants. Once in the United States, census records and military records give information on an immigrant’s home country and date of immigrations.
Programs such as the Immigrant Ancestor Project at BYU make it easier for persons to find immigration records. This program focuses on German, Spanish, French, Italian, and British Isles immigrants and includes a growing index of all the immigration information.