“Actividad laboral y estrategias familiares ante el empleo en L’Hospitalet de Llobregat: Las mujeres de Can Vilumara” Familias, recursos humanos y vida aterial, (1920) Carles Enrech 333-345.
This article addresses the difficulty finding feminine professions, especially in census records. Enrech used registration books for workers in Can Vilumara to find the actual professions that women assigned themselves. Even though almost half of the women were workers, the majority were married or lived with their families. And while census records listed the major occupation of heads of household of the town as agriculture and construction, according to the register, the majority of other family members only listed general labor. By using the registration books, Enrech found that the majority of the household engaged in labor, instead of the 56% given in the census. They frequently sent single daughters to factories to work until they were married, and then continued to work from home afterwards.
This article gives insight into the inconsistencies with census records, especially when they are designed to focus on the profession of the head of household. It shows that many people (especially women) worked, and within ‘general labor,’ there was a large variety of tasks. For anyone interested in learning more about the day-to-day lives of their female ancestors, it is a great read.